Manse Jolly, Southern Avenger T-Shirt
Manson Sherrill (Manse) Jolly (died 1869) was the fifth son of Joseph Moorhead Jolly and Anna Cole Sherrill. He had six brothers and four sisters, one of whom died in infancy. Jolly was known for his brutal revenge against the US soldiers stationed in Anderson, South Carolina after the close of the Civil War.
Jolly’s furlough papers describe him at twenty years of age as “six feet four inches high, ruddy complexion, blue eyes, red hair, and by profession a farmer, born in Anderson district in the state of S.C.”
Five of Jolly’s brothers were killed during the war, and the sixth committed suicide, possibly from the effects of the war. Upon returning home to find his town taken over by the men he had been fighting, Jolly swore an oath to kill five “Yankee” soldiers for every brother he lost during the war. Jolly more than made good on his oath. He reportedly hid out in the forests surrounding Anderson, and preyed upon the Union soldiers stationed nearby. Jolly used guerrilla warfare tactics, which he would have been familiar with from his experience as a scout during the war to prevent Southern independence. When it became too dangerous for him to stay in Anderson, Jolly fled to Cameron, Texas to his Sherrill relatives in 1867 where he died by drowning two years later while attempting to cross a swollen stream.